The Mediterranean diet is based on the traditional diet of people living along the Mediterranean coast (in countries such as Crete, Greece, and southern Italy). In contrast to the typical American diet, the Mediterranean diet emphasizes plant-based foods and monounsaturated (good/healthy) fat. Researchers have found that deaths from chronic disease, such as heart disease and cancer, are significantly reduced among people who followed this heart-healthy eating plan. By limiting unhealthy fats, ...